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Tastier food. Disease- and drought-resistant plants that require fewer environmental resources (such as water and fertilizer) Less use of pesticides. Increased supply of food with reduced cost and longer shelf life.
Practical concerns around GM crops include the rise of insect pests and weeds that are resistant to pesticides. Other concerns around GM crops include broad seed variety access for farmers and rising seed costs as well as increased dependency on multinational seed companies.
GMO foods are designed to be healthier and cheaper to produce. Advantages of GMO foods include added nutrients, fewer pesticides, and cheaper prices. Disadvantages of GMO foods can be allergic reactions or increased antibiotic resistance.
The most notable GMO risks to humans are the potential development of allergens to GM related crops and toxicity from GM crops. However, studies also show GM crops have benefits including the increased nutritional value in foods.
These include enhanced pathogenicity, emergence of a new disease, pest or weed, increased disease burden if the recipient organism is a pathogenic microorganism or virus, increased weed or pest burden if the recipient organism is a plant or invertebrate, and adverse effects on species, communities, or ecosystems.
GMO agriculture has led to superweeds and superpests that are extraordinarily difficult for farmers to manage. Farmers affected by resistant pests must revert to older and more toxic chemicals, more labor or more intensive tillage, which overshadow the promised benefits of GMO technology.
One specific concern is the possibility for GMOs to negatively affect human health. This could result from differences in nutritional content, allergic response, or undesired side effects such as toxicity, organ damage, or gene transfer.
- Increased use of toxic herbicides and pesticides.
- Pleiotropy – unforeseen consequences.
Growing GMO crops leads to environmental benefits such as reduced pesticide use, less water waste, and lower carbon emissions.
Some benefits of genetic engineering in agriculture are increased crop yields, reduced costs for food or drug production, reduced need for pesticides, enhanced nutrient composition and food quality, resistance to pests and disease, greater food security, and medical benefits to the world's growing population.
GMO crops that are tolerant to herbicides help farmers control weeds without damaging the crops. When farmers use these herbicide-tolerant crops they do not need to till the soil, which they normally do to get rid of weeds. This no-till planting helps to maintain soil health and lower fuel and labor use.
Yes. There is no evidence that a crop is dangerous to eat just because it is GM. There could be risks associated with the specific new gene introduced, which is why each crop with a new characteristic introduced by GM is subject to close scrutiny.
The major risk from the production of the transgene will lie in the use of novel proteins or other molecules produced by the transgenic organisms. Either in the native form or, following modifications in the human body, such molecules could be inimical to human health (e.g. through allergies).
Summary: Farmers are upbeat about genetically modified crops, according to new research. Both farmers who have been involved in GM crop trials and those who have not, regard GM as a simple extension of previous plant breeding techniques, such as those which have produced today's established crop types.
Research indicates that GM crop technology can result in a net increase in herbicide use and can foster the growth of herbicide resistant weeds. In addition, there is concern that the use of GM crops may negatively impact the agriculture ecosystem.
Lower carbon emissions. Healthier soil. More food on less land. Less food waste.
- Less cost.
- Higher yields.
- Fewer chemicals and pesticides.
- Less soil erosion than unmodified crops.
- Used in medicine to produce life-saving vaccines, insulin, and treatments for diseases.
Lower carbon emissions. Healthier soil. More food on less land. Less food waste.
- Toxicity. Genetically engineered foods are inherently unstable. ...
- Allergic Reactions. ...
- Antibiotic Resistance. ...
- Immuno-suppression. ...
- Cancer. ...
- Loss of Nutrition.
GMO foods are easier and less costly for farmers to grow, which makes them cheaper for the consumer.
Most of the GMO crops grown today were developed to help farmers prevent crop and food loss and control weeds. The three most common traits found in GMO crops are: Resistance to certain damaging insects. Tolerance of certain herbicides used to control weeds.